A study of cannabis potency in France over

Highlights

* •The THC content in French cannabis resin has risen continuously for the last 25 years.

* •The emergence of a new high potency cannabis resin in France is shown by the monitoring of THC content and THC/CBD ratio.

* •The THC content in French herbal cannabis has known three stages of growth for the last 25 years.

* •The rise of potency and freshness of French herbal cannabis may be correlated to the increase of domestic production.

Abstract

Cannabis contains a unique class of compounds known as the cannabinoids. Pharmacologically, the principal psychoactive constituent is Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). The amount of THC in conjunction with selected additional cannabinoid compounds (cannabidiol/CBD, cannabinol/CBN), determines the strength or potency of the cannabis product. Recently, reports have speculated over the change in the quality of cannabis products, from nearly a decade, specifically concerning the increase in cannabinoid content. This article exploits the analytical data of cannabis samples analyzed in the five French forensic police laboratories over 25 years. The increase potency of both herbal and resin cannabis in France is proved through the monitoring of THC content.

For cannabis resin, it has slowly risen from 1992 to 2009, before a considerable increase in the last four years (mean THC content in mid-2016 is 23% compared to 10% in 2009). For herbal cannabis, it has known three main stages of growth (mean THC content is 13% in 2015 and mid-2016 compared to 7% in 2009 and 2% in 1995). The calculation of THC/CBD ratios in both herbal and resin samples confirms the recent change in chemotypes in favor of high potency categories. Finally, the CBN/THC ratios in marijuana samples were measured in order to evaluate the freshness of French seized hemp.

Source: source: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2017.01.007 March 2017Volume 272, Pages 72–80 

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